AP Music Theory
Course Number - 1773

Updated June 2, 2009

Month

Standards (include state core numbers)

Indicators

Assessment

August-September

Standard 1
(Perform): Students will use body, voice, and instruments as means of musical expression.

Standard 2
(Create): Students will improvise and compose music.

Standard 3
(Listen/Analyze/Evaluate): Students will expand music listening skills and use music vocabulary to analyze and evaluate music.

Standard 4
(Discover Meaning): Students will find avenues of understanding and communication through connecting music to personal growth, the joy of living, traditions, culture, and history.

-The Basic Materials of Music

  • Time & Sound
  • Sound Waves, Pitch, Timbre
  • The Harmonic Series

-Notations of Pitch

  • The Staff, Notes, Symbols, Etc.
  • Clef Signs
  • Half Step, Whole Step, Accidentals

-Elements of Pitch

  • Scales – Major, Minor, Chromatic
  • Scale Degree Names
  • Key Signatures – Major and Minor
  • Intervals and Inversions of Intervals
  • Consonance and Dissonance

 

Basic Materials in Music Theory

  • Chapters 1 – 11
  • Mastery Frames
  • Supplementary Activities
  • Supplementary Assignments
  • Ear Training Activities – Listening and Singing of Intervals and Scales

Harmony and Voice Leading

  • Various exercises

Tonal Harmony

  • Chapters 1 – 4
  • Assignments in workbook – all requiring reading and writing of topics covered

October

Standard 1
(Perform): Students will use body, voice, and instruments as means of musical expression.

Standard 2
(Create): Students will improvise and compose music.

Standard 3
(Listen/Analyze/Evaluate): Students will expand music listening skills and use music vocabulary to analyze and evaluate music.

Standard 4
(Discover Meaning): Students will find avenues of understanding and communication through connecting music to personal growth, the joy of living, traditions, culture, and history.

-Elements of Rhythm

  • Duration Symbols, Beat and Tempo
  • Metric organization, Meter, Division of the Beat, Borrowed Division, Sub-Division
  • Simple and Compound Meter
  • Time Signatures

-Triads and Seventh Chords

  • Major, Minor, Dim., and Aug.
  • Inversions of Triads and Seventh Chords
  • Inversion Symbols (Arabic numerals) Realization of Figured Bass
  • Lead Sheet Symbols, Jazz and Pop.
  • Chord Recognition in Various Textures

Diatonic Chords – Major and Minor

  • Roman Numeral Realization

Ear Training and Sight Singing Activities

  • Listening to Internals and Scales
  • Singing Internals and Scales
  • Listening to Triads and Seventh Chords
  • Singing Triads and Seventh Chords
  • Listening to various musical excerpts and identifying tonality, meter, timbre, instruments and families of instruments, basic textures and basic formal aspects of music – sections (A, B, etc.), musical phrases and cadence points, complete and incomplete
  • Sight Singing basic scalar, stepwise melodies

Tests and Quizzes

November

Standard 1
(Perform): Students will use body, voice, and instruments as means of musical expression.

Standard 2
(Create): Students will improvise and compose music.

Standard 3
(Listen/Analyze/Evaluate): Students will expand music listening skills and use music vocabulary to analyze and evaluate music.

Standard 4
(Discover Meaning): Students will find avenues of understanding and communication through connecting music to personal growth, the joy of living, traditions, culture, and history.

-The Major Modes – Ionian, Dorian, Phrygian, Lydian, Mixolydian, Aeolian, and Locrian

-More Scales – Pentatonic (major and minor), Whole Tone and Diminished (whole-half and half-whole)

- The Principles of Voice Leading

  • The Melodic Line – contour, counterpoint
  • Notating chords, Triad Voicing
  • Motion – Parallel, Similar, Static, Oblique, and Contrary

-Root Position Part Writing

  • Root/Bass movement of a 2nd/7th , 3rd/6th , and 4th/5th
  • Four Part and Three Part Textures
  • Instrumental Ranges and Transpositions
  • Practical Range

Fundamentals of Modern Harmony

  • Various handouts and exercises
  • Listening and Singing of Modes
  • Listening and Singing of other Scales
  • Listening to various excerpts using modal scales (jazz and contemporary excerpts)

 

Tonal Harmony

  • Chapters 6-10
  • Assignments in Workbook – all requiring reading and writing of topics covered
  • Various activities in class – writing simple melodies and harmonizing them
  • Singing and Listening to three and four part exercises
  • Transposing and arranging for the instrumental and vocal needs on the particular class.
  • Music examples

 

Melodic and Harmonic Dictation

Tests and Quizzes

December

Standard 1
(Perform): Students will use body, voice, and instruments as means of musical expression.

Standard 2
(Create): Students will improvise and compose music.

Standard 3
(Listen/Analyze/Evaluate): Students will expand music listening skills and use music vocabulary to analyze and evaluate music.

Standard 4
(Discover Meaning): Students will find avenues of understanding and communication through connecting music to personal growth, the joy of living, traditions, culture, and history.

-Harmonic Progression and Realization of Roman Numeral Progression

  • Sequences and Circle of Fifths
  • Diatonic chords in major and minor
  • Harmonization of a simple melody

-Triads in First Inversion

-Triads in Second Inversion

Cadential Six-Four, Pedal Six-Four, Passing Six-Four, Bass Arpeggiation

Fundamentals of Modern Harmony

  • Various handouts and exercises
  • Listening and Singing of Modes
  • Listening and Singing of other Scales
  • Listening to various excerpts using modal scales (jazz and contemporary excerpts)

 

Tonal Harmony

  • Chapters 6-10
  • Assignments in Workbook – all requiring reading and writing of topics covered
  • Various activities in class – writing simple melodies and harmonizing them
  • Singing and Listening to three and four part exercises
  • Transposing and arranging for the instrumental and vocal needs on the particular class.
  • Music examples

 

Melodic and Harmonic Dictation

Tests and Quizzes

January

Standard 1
(Perform): Students will use body, voice, and instruments as means of musical expression.

Standard 2
(Create): Students will improvise and compose music.

Standard 3
(Listen/Analyze/Evaluate): Students will expand music listening skills and use music vocabulary to analyze and evaluate music.

Standard 4
(Discover Meaning): Students will find avenues of understanding and communication through connecting music to personal growth, the joy of living, traditions, culture, and history.

-Cadences, Phrases, and Periods

  • Musical Phrase, Melodic and Rhythmic Motive
  • Sequence (real and diatonic)
  • Authentic (PAC, IAC), Plagal, Half, Phrygian Half, Deceptive
  • Phrase Labels – A, B, A’, B’, etc.
  • Period Forms – parallel, contrasting, double, etc.

 

Fundamentals of Modern Harmony

  • Various handouts and exercises
  • Listening and Singing of Modes
  • Listening and Singing of other Scales
  • Listening to various excerpts using modal scales (jazz and contemporary excerpts)

 

Tonal Harmony

  • Chapters 6-10
  • Assignments in Workbook – all requiring reading and writing of topics covered
  • Various activities in class – writing simple melodies and harmonizing them
  • Singing and Listening to three and four part exercises
  • Transposing and arranging for the instrumental and vocal needs on the particular class.
  • Music examples

 

Melodic and Harmonic Dictation

Tests and Quizzes

February

Standard 1
(Perform): Students will use body, voice, and instruments as means of musical expression.

Standard 2
(Create): Students will improvise and compose music.

Standard 3
(Listen/Analyze/Evaluate): Students will expand music listening skills and use music vocabulary to analyze and evaluate music.

Standard 4
(Discover Meaning): Students will find avenues of understanding and communication through connecting music to personal growth, the joy of living, traditions, culture, and history.

- Non-Chord Tones

  • Passing, Neighbor, Suspension, Retardation, Appoggiatura, Escape, Neighbor Group, Anticipation, Pedal Point

-Three and Four Part Writing using Seventh Chords

  • V7 and VII7 – Tri-Tone resolution
  • All other Seventh Chords

-Dominant and Pre-dominant Functions

Tonal Harmony

  • Chapters 11-18
  • Assignments and activities from workbook – all requiring reading and writing of topics covered
  • Three and Four Part Writing – harmonizing melodies composed by students and melodies given or writing upper two or three voices with a given bass line and figured bass

Tests and Quizzes

March

Standard 1
(Perform): Students will use body, voice, and instruments as means of musical expression.

Standard 2
(Create): Students will improvise and compose music.

Standard 3
(Listen/Analyze/Evaluate): Students will expand music listening skills and use music vocabulary to analyze and evaluate music.

Standard 4
(Discover Meaning): Students will find avenues of understanding and communication through connecting music to personal growth, the joy of living, traditions, culture, and history.

-Secondary Functions

-Modulation

-Basic Form and Analysis

  • Binary and Ternary Forms
  • Fugue, Concerto, Symphony, Rondo, etc.
  • Strophic and Through-composed
  • Twelve Bar Blues, Popular Song

-Basic Textures

  • Homophonic, Heterophonic, Polyphonic, Monophonic, Melody with accompaniment, etc.

-Sight Singing and Ear Training

  • Identifying Secondary Dominants
  • Writing Secondary Dominants
  • Formal Analysis
  • Identifying and labeling excerpts – sections, cadence points, etc.

371 Harmonized Chorales

  • Roman Numeral Analysis
  • Labeling of NCT’s
  • Figured Bass Exercises

Tests and Quizzes

April

Standard 1
(Perform): Students will use body, voice, and instruments as means of musical expression.

Standard 2
(Create): Students will improvise and compose music.

Standard 3
(Listen/Analyze/Evaluate): Students will expand music listening skills and use music vocabulary to analyze and evaluate music.

Standard 4
(Discover Meaning): Students will find avenues of understanding and communication through connecting music to personal growth, the joy of living, traditions, culture, and history.

-Begin Review for AP Theory Exam

-Daily Sight Singing and Ear Training

Complete the 1993 AP Music Theory Released Exam

Listening and Singing of basic melodies, intervals, and chords

Complete the 1998 AP Music Theory Released Exam

Complete the 2003 AP Music Theory Released Exam

Compose Melodies for Melodic Dictation and Sight Singing

  • Can be used for individual compositions as well

May-June

Standard 1
(Perform): Students will use body, voice, and instruments as means of musical expression.

Standard 2
(Create): Students will improvise and compose music.

Standard 3
(Listen/Analyze/Evaluate): Students will expand music listening skills and use music vocabulary to analyze and evaluate music.

Standard 4
(Discover Meaning): Students will find avenues of understanding and communication through connecting music to personal growth, the joy of living, traditions, culture, and history.

Take the AP Music Theory Exam

-Final Projects (2)

  • Individual History Outlines and Oral Presentation on Major Composer
  • Individual Student Composition

Oral Presentations on Composers

Listen to Compostitions